The Council of the Corruption Eradication Group of States (GRECO) was issued on January 25 Monitoring report Assessing Romania’s progress on anti-corruption measures in relation to parliamentarians, judges and prosecutors. The monitoring body concluded that the country’s level of compliance with current recommendations is no longer “universally unsatisfactory” but noted that further action is still needed.
GRECO found that Romania fully implemented 7 of the 13 recommendations included in the Fourth Round Evaluation Report. “It has partially implemented three recommendations, and four recommendations remain unimplemented For this According to the evaluation report, Romania has fully implemented three of the five recommendations and partially implemented two recommendations,” the announcement reads.
The Council of Europe’s anti-corruption watchdog noted “slight improvement” after implementing a code of conduct for members of parliament and efforts to address attempts to remove MPs’ immunity. However, there is a need for further improvement in the transparency of the parliamentary process and the need to reduce the use of urgent procedures, so work remains to be done.
“Further work is also needed to address conflicts of interest, enforce rules on how lawmakers engage with lobbyists, and establish a system of independent consultation for lawmakers to seek advice on integrity matters,” Greco also said.
When it comes to judges and prosecutors, GRECO welcomed the abolition of the special prosecutor clause for the investigation of crimes committed in the judiciary, the creation of which was strongly opposed by the monitoring body.
In addition, GRECO also stated that “authorities acknowledge efforts to increase the role of the Supreme Council of Magistrates and the Judicial Inspectorate to respond to risks to the integrity of judges and prosecutors, including training and access to information.”
“The report also notes the efforts to introduce a new law to provide for judges and prosecutors for their independence. The adoption of a new law on the status of judges and prosecutors, a new law on judicial organization and a new law on the Superior Council of Magistrates. Important steps are ahead, which need to be followed by a number of implementing measures. 6,” said the same source.
Thus, GRECO concluded that Romania’s compliance level is no longer “universally unsatisfactory”.
The Romanian authorities are expected to report to GRECO on further progress in implementing the outstanding recommendations by December 31, 2023.
The Group of States Against Corruption (GRECO) is a council of European bodies that aims to improve its members’ ability to fight corruption by monitoring compliance with anti-corruption standards. It helps states identify weaknesses in national anti-corruption policies for necessary legislative, institutional and practical reforms.
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